Roses are a must for any garden. And there are certain types of roses that will grow very well on your balcony, patio, or deck. They’ll provide elegance, refinement, and a lovely fragrance to your container garden.
If you have six hours of sun and some wind protection you can grow beautiful roses–both climbers and shrub-like varieties.
But not all types of roses are suitable for container gardening. As a rule, you want to be sure your rose doesn’t exceed five feet in height. Roses larger than this will develop a root system too large to flourish in containers.
So what types of roses do best in containers? There are four that generally do well:
polyanthus and floribunda roses (plus a few, smaller grandifloras)
tree and miniature roses
some hybrid teas
ground cover roses
In other words, there are LOTS to chose from.
Some experts also note you can grow nearly any rose in a container, provided the flower pot is large enough. That’s true, but the larger roses won’t grow to their normal size, nor will they produce as abundantly as in their proper site location.
So for practical purposes, and for siting on your balcony, patio, deck, or rooftop, my suggestion is stick with the smaller types of roses mentioned above.
If you follow this advice, the larger types of roses, such as some of my favorites–the David Austin old English roses–as well as the grandifloras just mentioned, should be grown in no less than five-gallon containers.
You can also grow some low-growing ground cover roses in hanging planters. And there are types of roses, such as climbing roses, that also grow well in containers. (For information about types climbing vines, including roses you can trellis or site by a garden wall, see perennial flowering vines.)
Here’s a discussion of the 4 types of roses I’ve just mentioned (plus the mention of climbing roses, which can be too large to grow in flower pots:
Southern Belle 36-inch Tree Rose
Miniature, Patio, and Standard (or “tree”) Roses Miniature and patio roses have much smaller blooms than do hybrid teas and some floribundas. However, they come in a great array of colors, are easy care roses, require very little pruning, and have just the right scale for small space gardens.
Standard or Tree Roses have a large rose bush atop a stem or trunk. Generally these grow to between 3-4 feet in height and are made up of three parts: a hardy root stock grafted to a trunk, topped by the rose bush. A very stately presence and perfect for balcony, deck, and patio gardens. Also keep in mind for a stunning statement when placed to either side of the door or steps in your front yard landscaping plans.
The flowers of ‘Southern Belle’ (pictured here) begin high-centered and finish with an English-style cupped form. It has a lovely soft pastel color and alluring scent of sweet fruit and spice. Click here to order and see other lovely roses from Jackson & Perkins.
Hybrid Tea Roses are the elegant, often fragrant, long-stemmed beauties you find in the florist shops. They are strikingly beautiful, with only one bloom per stem. Many are quite fragrant, but they do require the highest level of care of the roses listed here.
The rose at the top of this page, is a hybrid Tea Rose called ‘Bella’roma.’ It has very large yellow blooms flushed with pink, and a sweet antique rose scent and was Jackson & Perkins’. 2003 Rose of the Year®. And the good news for containers is it only grow to between 2.6 to 3.6 feet.
Beach Blanket™ Groundcover Rose
Ground Cover or Landscape Roses are naturally resistant to disease and are very low-maintenance roses.
They thrive in a range of climates, require little pruning, and flower repeatedly throughout the growing season.
The ‘Beach Blanket’ pictured above can be ordered from Jackson & Perkins.
Floribunda and Polyanthas Roses are great choices for containers. They have a bushy habit, and were developed to have the lovely big blooms of hybrid tea roses coupled with an abundant bloom–you can have a large cluster of blooms on one stem.
Climbing roses lend a homey, “cottagey” air to your garden, but are often too large for containers. You can easily grow them, though, in small space gardening sites since they are easily trained up a trellis or arbor.